VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION & EMPLOYMENT SERVICE
Case Manager (CM)
- A Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service (VR&E)
rehabilitation professional employee or contractor responsible for
oversight of all services provided to a VR&E program participant.
The CM provides direct services in those areas in which he or she has
expertise and monitors others that may provide supportive or ancillary
- The Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (VR&E) Program is authorized
by Congress under Title 38, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 31. It
is sometimes referred to as the Chapter 31 program.
Employment Handicap (EH)
- An impairment of a veteran's ability to prepare for, obtain
or retain employment consistent with his or her abilities, aptitudes
and interests. The impairment must result in substantial part from a
service-connected disability. For veterans within the 12 year
basic period of eligibility and rated at 20 percent or more, a finding
of employment handicap results in entitlement to VR&E services.
- A term applied to a veteran who was found entitled for
Chapter 31 benefits based on a service-connected disability
and an employment handicap.
Five Track Options
- Reemployment with Previous Employer
- This option is designed for those individuals who wish to
return to work with a former employer. Services under this
option may include advice about reemployment rights, consultation
with the employer, work adjustment services, job accommodations,
job modifications, short-term training, licensure and certifications.
- Direct Job Placement Services for New Employment (Rapid Access)
- This option is designed for those veterans who already
possess most of the necessary skills to compete for suitable
employment opportunities and wish to obtain employment as
soon as possible. Services under this option may include
short-term training, licensure, certifications, job readiness
preparation, resume development, job search assistance, job
accommodations, and post-employment follow up
- Self Employment
- This option is designed for individuals who have limited
access to traditional employment, need flexible work schedules,
or need a more accommodating work environment due to their disabling
conditions or other life circumstances. Services under this option
may include analysis of the viability of a business concept, development
of a business plan, training in the operation of a small business,
marketing and financial assistance, and guidance on obtaining adequate
resources to implement the plan.
- Employment Through Long Term Services
- This option is designed for those individuals who need
specialized training and/or education to obtain and maintain
suitable employment. Services under this option may include
on-the-job training (OJT), apprenticeships, post-secondary
education such as college, vocational or technical school,
internships, job shadowing, work monitoring, work study, and
public-private job partnering.
- Independent Living Services
- This option is designed for individuals whose disabilities
are so severe that they are currently unable to pursue an employment
goal. These individuals may need rehabilitation services to live
more independently and to increase their potential to return to work.
Services under this option may include independent living skills training,
assistive technology, services at special rehabilitation facilities,
and connection to community-based support services.
Serious Employment Handicap (SEH)
- A significant impairment of a veteran's ability to prepare
for, obtain or retain employment consistent with his or her abilities,
aptitudes and interests. The SEH must result in substantial part from a
service-connected disability. For veterans rated at 10 percent and
veterans beyond their 12 year basic period of eligibility, the finding of an
SEH is necessary to establish entitlement to VR&E services.
- A disabling condition that has resulted from or was aggravated by an
injury or illness while the veteran was serving on active duty in the
- Work that is within a veteran's physical and emotional capabilities
and is consistent with his or her pattern of abilities, aptitudes, and
- Reasonably developed skills, knowledge, and abilities attained
through training and experience (civilian and military) that relate
to current employment opportunities in the labor market.
Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor (VRC)
- A Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service rehabilitation
professional employee or contractor who provides or coordinates a wide range
of rehabilitation services which might include counseling, training,
rehabilitation and employment services.